- Ida Ahmad
- Isilda Almeida
- Panagiotis Andrikopoulos
- Laura Arcidiacono
- Timothy Baxter
- Cecilia Bembibre
- Alexandra Bridarolli
- Rosie Brigham
- Dáire Browne
- Kate Burton
- Krisangella Sofia Murillo Camacho
- Cristina Duran Casablancas
- Nicholas Crabb
- Anna Celeste Edmonds
- Morena Ferreira
- Isabella del Gaudio
- Blen Taye Gemeda
- Richard Grove
- Richard Higham
- Sarah Hunt
- Aliaa Ismail
- Cerys Jones
- Mark Kearney
- Mike Kelly
- Rose King
- Gavin Leong
- Yujia Luo
- Hend Mahgoub
- Ian Maybury
- Antanas Melinis
- Martin Michette
- Polly Morris
- Dzhordzhio Naldzhiev
- Morana Novak
- Danae Phaedra Pocobelli
- Anna Pokorska
- Elia Quijano Quinones
- Jennifer Richards
- Pedro Rocha
- Nathan Rose
- Kathryn Royce
- Betty Sacher
- Hayley Simon
- Robin Talbot
- Chryssa Thoua
- Vladimir Vilde
- Frida Vonstad
- Yinghong Wang
- Charlie Willard
- Sam Woor
- Kira Zumkley
Modelling the chemical and physical degradation of plastic objects in museum collections using a System Dynamics approach
Plastics represent one of the most vulnerable groups of materials in museum collections. As museums collect an increasing number of plastic or plastic-containing objects, the task of conserving these artefacts is a growing problem. Individual mechanisms which contribute to plastic degradation are well-documented, but it is poorly understood how different factors interact with each other. This project aims to understand these interactions using System Dynamics, a holistic approach which will mathematically model the object and its environment as a system. The research will help conservators make better, evidence-based decisions on how to conserve plastic artefacts, as well as developing a new way of understanding material degradation which can have applications in fields like medicine and defence.
This work is part of the ERC Starting Grant funded project “COMPLEX: The Degradation of Complex Modern Polymeric Objects in Heritage Collections: A System Dynamics Approach”.
Drones for Heritage Communication and Audience Development
I am Portuguese and have a Bachelor’s degree in Culture and Media Studies from the Portuguese Catholic University in Lisbon and an MA in Museum Studies from the University of Leicester. I have worked in Museums and Archives since 2002. I am passionate about making heritage exciting and accessible for learning, enjoyment and inspiration, particularly to overlooked audiences. I have worked at the Museum of London and The Keep Archives in Brighton and I am an RSA fellow. Innovation, participation, excellence and leadership are some of the values that drive me. My SEAHA research project focuses on the use of drones for heritage communication and audience engagement.
Characterisation and implementation of new illuminants and their effect on the museum visitor.
The latest advancements in lighting technology have created new challenges and opportunities. The project sets to characterise new illuminants of spectrally fine-tuned artwork lighting systems sources in terms of colour appearance and preference for the human observer.
The ability of neutrons to penetrate thick layers of materials, without substantial attenuation, makes them an ideal probe to study the elemental and phase composition of bulk materials, in a totally non-destructive and non-invasive manner. Neutron techniques are increasingly being utilized for quantitative, non-invasive analyses in the fields of archaeology and cultural heritage and applied to a large variety of objects and materials including metals, ceramics, bones and other materials. The potential of neutron-based techniques for the sourcing of archaeological gold, however, has not been explored systematically. Laura will develop a novel neutron technique for performing Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis in time of flight in order to assess the provenance of gold artefacts from the pre-Hispanic period in South America. Determining the origins of the gold employed by different cultures is a fundamental foundation to make inferences about the relationships between different communities and their natural environment, as well as to reconstruct trade and interaction among human groups.
My project focuses on developing an understanding of the biodiversity value of historic maritime infrastructure such as harbour walls, fortifications and breakwaters. At the same time, it aims to identify protective functions of the species and communities that these structures support using a combination of field and lab experiments, including field block exposure trials.
Previously I have received a MSc in Geophysical Hazards from UCL and a BA in Geography from Oxford University. Additionally, I have a PGCE from the Institute of Education and have worked as a secondary school Maths teacher.
Smells of Heritage
Smells affect the way we experience the world and can carry important information about places and objects. This project researches the identification and documentation of heritage smells, conducting VOC detection and analysis using solid-phase micro-extraction plus gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography Time of Flight Analysis (GC-TOF) with olfactometric detection (GC-O). Trained and untrained evaluation panels are also used to assess human perception of smells.
A number of case study aromas from Knole House (National Trust) will be presented to the public to explore how historic odours affect the ways in which people interact with heritage sites.
Follow the progress on the project on Twitter: @ucqbbem
Nanoscale strategies using nanocellulose for the consolidation of cellulosic materials
In painting conservation, the consolidation of canvases is still a field which has seen little development despite the known risks involved. Moreover, most current canvas conservation approaches may no longer be suitable for modern paintings. Recent developments in functionalized biopolymers have given rise to possible alternatives to actual conservation products. During her PhD, Alexandra will participate to the development of novel nanocellulose treatments for the consolidation of cellulosic materials. Her work will be more specifically focused on painting canvas of the 20th century.
This PhD is carried out in the framework of the newly-launched European interdisciplinary program NANORESTART.
UCL Institute for Sustainable Heritage / Historic Environment Scotland / Rekrei / Deep Mind
My PhD project will be investigating to what extent crowdsourced images of heritage sites can be used for conservation monitoring. This will be done by getting visitors to submit their images with a hashtag #monumentmonitor via various social media channels before sorting them using machine learning and analysing them with machine vision. Interested? Check out monumentmonitor.com to find out more!
As an Art history student turned software developer this project is very much a culmination of all skills and interests. Going to a heritage site this weekend? Take a picture and tweet it with the hashtag #monumentmonitor and join in the crowdsourcing conservation project.
Breathing stones – Developing laser spectroscopic methods to study moisture uptake and release by historic limestone in polluted urban environments
I have just completed a Masters in Chemistry, during which I investigated the applications of physical chemistry to heritage science in association with the Bodleian Library. Many important heritage buildings, monuments and sculptures in historic cities are constructed of limestone which is prone to deteriorate in polluted atmospheric conditions. Understanding moisture relations at the surface of limestone is fundamental both to understanding the reactions involved in limestone deterioration and to judging the success of conservation treatments. This project aims at addressing the lack of high resolution, near-surface methods to monitor the movements of pollutant gases and water vapour into and out of stone surfaces and how identify they are affected by conservation treatments.
Kate Burton has a BA in anthropology from Idaho State University, an MA in museum studies from the University of Leicester, and has done work in 3D surface scanning at the Idaho Virtualization Lab in the USA and the Natural History Museum in London. She is under UCL’s Computer Sciences department and is being supervised by Dr Catherine Holloway (UCL), Dr Alex Ball (NHM), and Kenneth Png (Zeiss). Her PhD involves doing research on using 3D imaging and printing from microscopic images to provide tactile representations for visually impaired people.
Krisangella Sofia Murillo Camacho
National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) / Secretary of Energy (SENER) / National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) / National Institute of Anthropology and History
In the conservation and adaptation of heritage buildings, the challenge lies in finding the most suitable uses for historic buildings while preserving the unique characteristics of the era they represent. In the case of buildings with historical value, energy efficiency is a social, economic, environmental and political issue that should have a high-level of visibility. In view of this, my study will try to give a solution to the complex system of users, heritage and energy efficiency. The methodology employed for this research is socio-technical as it aims to collect, analyse and synthesise through system dynamics social data related to residents’ attitudes towards heritage values and energy efficiency alongside physical data related to the environmental impact of such decisions on the energy performance and condition of the building itself. It will examine the gap between policy, practice and users’ behaviours. In addition to the academic input, my proposed research will benefit both the residents who will be involved in the process and heritage and energy efficiency policy-makers.
Cristina Duran Casablancas
Libraries and archives are responsible for the management of collections in order to ensure access for present and future generations and its sustainability. In the interest of these two goals, institutions face the challenging question of determining to what extent preservation actions are beneficial in the context of their specific collections. This project explores the use of System Dynamics and related mathematical modelling techniques to evaluate the effect of preservation actions during the lifetime of collections by approaching collection management as a complex system. If single preservation measures are put in the broader context of collection management, then questions emerge such as: are there management decisions which may have contra-intuitive and maybe unintended consequences? Do short and long term consequences of actions differ from each other?
Evaluating contemporary digital technologies for the reconstruction and mapping of archaeological resources
The recent emergence and availability of sUAS mounted multispectral sensors, and advancements in spaceborne capabilities through hyperspectral and radar analysis, presents new possibilities for developing an increased understanding of subsurface sediment architectures within complex geomorphological areas, allowing predictions to be made of their archaeological potential. In order to assess the capability of these techniques, this project will capture high resolution, large volume data within the alluvial valleys of the Rivers Lugg and Wye, in the UK. Variation in spectral responses of different valley components will be analysed, and modelled interpretations will be tested through ground-based sediment sampling. It will consider the potential of an integrated and holistic approach and develop specific data collection protocols for deployment of these approaches.
Anna Celeste Edmonds
I am a sound artist, field recordist and musician with an MA in Sound Arts from LCC; working in the areas of heritage, conservation and acoustic ecology, with a particular interest in ‘buildings at risk’. My PhD project addresses audience engagement in urban outdoor heritage through the use of 3D immersive locative audio. The site-specific prototype soundscape will be created in Brunswick Square, Hove, using 5G and GPS location for precise sound activation, as the audience navigates through the virtual sound map in the square. The audio content involved will contain recordings of music, foley, conversation, and oral accounts, to captivate the audience in the local history.
Mould and moisture related issues are common to many historic buildings around the world. Mould prevention involving environmental management tends to focus on controlling ambient relative humidity. However, this project explores the moisture present on the surface of substrates as a crucial parameter influencing mould development. The aim of this project is to research the impact of air movement on mould development by changing the moisture available on surfaces, and thus developing a preventive measure focused on microclimates with high risk of mould development.
Isabella del Gaudio
Plastics in Museum Collections – a study of their chemical and physical degradation using a System Dynamics approach
Plastics represent a challenging material among perfusionists in the conservation field, they degrade faster than classic heritage materials and their decay processes are still not fully understood. In fact, the COMPLEX project would like to create inter-connecting interactions between physical-chemical material components and environmental factors using a System Dynamic Model. In this research, both non-destructive and destructive techniques will be used in situ (at the Museum of London) on natural aged samples and in laboratory (at UCL) on sacrificable and artificially aged materials.
Blen Taye Gemeda
School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford / World Monuments Fund / Fasil Giorghis Consulting
Blen is a DPhil student at the University of Oxford. She has a BSc in Architecture and Urban planning and an MSc in Archaeological Material Sciences. She is interested in stone deterioration of built cultural heritage and has worked on the condition survey of Ba’ta Gabriel church and Tiya steles in Ethiopia. Her DPhil research focuses on developing a methodology to diagnose deterioration in rock-cut heritage sites. She is currently studying the deterioration of rock-hewn churches at Lalibela, Ethiopia.
Richard’s project is based upon the monitoring of treated Sandstone in heritage settings. Sandstone buildings and monuments form a large proportion of the world’s built heritage, and can be some of the more vulnerable structures to environmental and human inputs. Efforts have been made over the last decades to develop consolidants and stabilising treatments for exposed or degraded stonework, but little is understood about their effectiveness and what impacts they may have on the treated material. This project will combine laboratory and field based assessment to design a range of evaluative techniques for use in practical conservation regimes.
I previously worked as commercial archaeologist on site. My project will assess the usefulness and limitations of archaeological evaluation trenching in different environment types. Then I aim to develop better strategies of evaluation trenching.
Mary Rose: Assessment of Environmental Risks during Display
This project will focus on measurement and quantification of pollutants in display environments at the Mary Rose Museum and their impact on the stability of the artefacts. This includes pollutants such as NO2, H2S, O3 and organic acids, which represent unknown risks to the unique artefacts.
I work in the field of digital heritage preservation. I manage the Theban Necropolis Preservation initiative on site in Luxor at Factum Foundation. My work consists of 3D scanning the walls of the tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the kings and leading a training program for the local community there to introduce them to 3D documentation of heritage.
Working with conservators and archivists from the British Library and London Metropolitan Archives, the aim of this PhD is to produce a pipeline for multispectral imaging of documentary material in the heritage sector. This will identify the optimum approaches to acquiring multispectral imaging data and enable archivists, conservators and scholars to produce multispectral images of historical manuscripts without the need of a specialist imaging scientist.
Research into the decay of modern materials found in heritage environments is a rapidly growing area within heritage science. This is due to the rapid and often catastrophic decay suffered by many commonly found polymers. Consequently, the need for accurate and reliable conservation treatments or monitoring programs are much needed. This project will exploit the information gained from the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) naturally emitted from polymers with the aim to detect and monitor the decay of 3D artworks on open display or housed in storage environments. Laboratory work (both at UCL and Arkema) will focus on developing an experimental method using solid-phase micro extraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (SPME-GCMS); this methodology will then be implemented in the real-world heritage environment of the project’s heritage partner Tate.
My area of research is the visualisation of knowledge and data in Cultural Heritage, with a focus on representations of interpretative scholarship and areas of uncertainty. I worked previously as a software designer and developer at the British Museum, and as a learning technologist in London art colleges. I have a background in the arts and multimedia development.
In collaboration with the Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute and Dow, this project seeks to use imaging and spectroscopic techniques to understand and quantify the dynamic processes of degradation caused by the loss of plasticisers from plastic objects in heritage collections. By exploring the relationships between the degree and rate of plasticiser loss, environmental parameters and the object’s material properties, this research aims to inform preventive conservation and storage conditions, with a particular focus towards two common historic plastics; PVC and Cellulose Acetate.
Following a landmark laser and photogrammetric survey of the stones at Stonehenge in 2011/12, the number of known prehistoric axe-head carvings on Stonehenge increased by 71. However, attempts at digitally removing lichen from the laser scan have largely been unsuccessful, as they also removed evidence for stone-working. Since dense coverage of fruticose lichen prevented examination of 23% of the stone surface, concern has been raised that areas of stone-working and prehistoric carvings could currently be masked by lichen.
Gavin’s project will develop machine learning, machine vision and, among others, pulsed terahertz imaging techniques to non-invasively unmask Stonehenge, and potentially reveal archaeological information beneath the lichen.
This project aims to explore Tibetan papermaking technology change, and material composition of Tibetan paper, including obscure raw material and papermaking process. Furthermore, investigation of Tibetan paper durability for exploring of sustainable storage condition is also an urgent need especially facing with such a mass of Tibetan paper collection. We will investigate how Tibetan papermaking responded to the changes from manual to the industrialised way in the first truly globalized industry and more specifically Asian industry of making paper.
Quantitative Chemical Hyperspectral NIR Imaging of Historical Cellulosic Materials
The overall aim of the project is to explore the analytical robustness of chemical imaging with a focus on the benefits and limitations of quantitative chemical imaging of cellulosic heritage materials. This project has a great potential to explore the spatial distribution of an object’s chemical composition and condition in addition to the study of the effect of the conservation treatments which will have an impact on the management and preservation plans of collections.
This PhD is carried out in the framework of the newly-launched European interdisciplinary program NANORESTART.
Hyperspectral imaging in Heritage: From Books to Bricks
Ian’s project investigates the use of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) in a heritage context learning how to best use the equipment to extract information such as hidden text, relief details, the presence of organic growth, and signs of deterioration. HSI will be applied to books/papers, museum objects, and architectural/archaeological heritage materials.
UCL Institute of Archaeology / English Heritage / Glashütte Lamberts
The project is centred on the investigation of fragile glass artefacts in the English Heritage collections with the perspective of providing more advanced guidelines for the sustainable preservation of vitreous materials in heritage institutions.
Most pre-modern glass actively absorbs water from the environment while losing its structural alkaline components in a parallel leaching process, which weakens the main silica network. Therefore, excessive fluctuations in the relative humidity (RH) of the surroundings as well as rapid drying can be detrimental to the structural integrity and aesthetic value of the objects. Hence, the goal of my research is to find the optimal storage conditions for glass through the identification of its most vulnerable types and chemical compositions, their industrial reproduction, artificial corrosion in high- humidity conditions, and eventual acoustic emission-aided identification of the minimal RH that would halt both crizzling (disfiguring surface cracking due to moisture loss) and further hydration.
Reigate Stone at the Tower of London: Developing preventive conservation strategies for problem stones
Reigate Stone was used extensively in South-East England between the 11th and 16th Centuries, contributing to a legacy of medieval heritage that ranges from parish churches to royal palaces. This project is part of ongoing research being conducted by Historic Royal Palaces into the nature of the stone; assessing how and why condition varies across different locations and developing effective conservation strategies accordingly. The aim is to evaluate the success of previous treatments and propose holistic, preventive strategies. These will be based on an increased understanding of decay mechanisms and make full use of novel techniques and technologies.
My project is centred around seismic protection of heritage structures using the ViBa; a novel, non-invasive technology for vibration control.
I have an MEng in Civil Engineering from University of Brighton with focus on dynamics and earthquake engineering. I have been working in industry since graduation as a consulting structural engineer.
Novel Retrofit Technology Incorporating Robots for Lower Energy Healthy Buildings
More than 86% of the existing residential building stock in the UK has been built pre 1990. Before 1985, dwellings in the UK were not required to have any insulation in the walls or floors in order to achieve Building Regulations compliance. In order to address this urgent demand for retrofittng the existing stock, novel technologies have been recently adopted by applying spray foam insulation (SPF) to the underside of suspended timber floors through the use of robots. The potential for energy savings, reducing fuel poverty and carbon emissions is high, although the consequences to the indoor environmental conditions would need to be further examined. The research project aims to identify and quantify the interrelationship between energy saving potential, VOCs associated with the application, curing and usage of SPF and their potential effect on human health and historic wooden floors. Through experimental work and long term monitoring procedures, the research will be able to provide an overview of the overall impact of spray foam insulation on the environmental and energy performance of retrofitted historic buildings.
It is a common, cost-effective and environmental friendly practice in conservation field to use boxes for protection of valuable objects against external factors, e.g. T/RH flunctuations, light, pollutants, pests, and also from internal factors (degradation products, pollutants that are emitted by object itself). However, it is still not known what type of boxes (standard cardboard boxes or new materials that are used in field of smart packaging) offer best protection for different types of heritage objects (paper, plastics) and in what environmental conditions. This project will implement different methods such as environmental monitoring, modelling, laboratory and accelerated ageing experiments to answer several research questions: what new materials exist that could improve protection properties of boxes, what is the role of boxes in catastrophic events, can protective properties of boxes be modelled, and what kind of chemical protection do boxes offer (VOC absorption, reduction of T/RH flunctuations, antifungal activity).
Danae Phaedra Pocobelli
UCL Institute for Sustainable Heritage / UCL Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering / Historic England
/ English Heritage / Plowman Craven
This project will investigate the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) for heritage buildings. As BIM has been developed for new buildings, the use of this tool in the heritage field is still challenging. Specifically, Danae will focus on implementing BIM with a forecasting model connecting moisture ingress and façade weatherings. Using damage function, wind-driven rainfall models and the sharp front theory, a model predicting façade alterations will be produced, narrowing on one specific building material. The algorithm of a heritage-specific plug-in will then be coded to be possibly implemented into BIM.
This exciting and highly interdisciplinary project aims to probe the light sensitivity of modern materials more deeply and specifically to understand how the light degradation of modern polymers is spectrally dependent. An experimental degradation chamber with a spectrally-adjustable light source will be constructed and the effect of the spectrum of a light source on material degradation will be studied.
Elia Quijano Quinones
Analysing the social impact of community-based heritage conservation: the case of contemporary Mayan communities in Yucatan, Merida.
UCL Institute for Sustainable Heritage / National Institute of Anthropology and History, Section of Conservation and Restoration, Yucatan Centre
There is increasing recognition of the role that cultural heritage plays in the creation of living environments that positively affect people’s well-being. However, there is also an identified issue regarding the measurement of the social performance of heritage conservation which relies on the identification of intangible data. Thus, the aim of this project is to develop a methodological approach to investigate the degree to which current policies regarding the community-based approach in heritage conservation can enhance social capital. For this aim, this research will use three contemporary Mayan communities in Yucatan, Mexico as a case study, which has participated in heritage conservation projects implemented by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). A fourth community with no previous history of participation in heritage conservation will be used as a control case. This research will apply a mixed methodology with a sequential design that merges qualitative research with statistical analysis, where indicators of impact would be proposed and implemented in the design of a measuring tool (survey). This research is relevant in the SEAHA strands of data to knowledge’ and ‘knowledge to enterprise’, as it will result in new data that can be used to improve engagement and public services through a mixed methodology. In this research, the application of advanced statistical methods is critical for determining the social performance of the community-based approach in heritage conservation. The practical outcome of this project will be the methodology itself, which could be used to assess the social impact of conservation projects elsewhere.
Learning from nature: evaluating site-based conservation approaches to mitigating climatic risks to earthen heritage sites in N W China
Earthen heritage sites are among the oldest types of cultural heritage sites in the world. These sites, which can be over thousand years old, are degrading rapidly and this loss of heritage is projected to increase with climate change. This project aims to address the fact that there is little consensus and a lack of long term research for earthen heritage conservation, with some conservation strategies even increasing the rate of degradation.
We will use fieldwork at the ancient city of Suoyang, located on the Silk Road in North West China, to investigate the relationship between patterns of degradation and microclimatic and environmental conditions. We will also develop a computer model to assess the benefits of natural conservation strategies such as wind breaks and vegetation cover. This research hopes to produce a robust long term conservation strategy for this ancient site.
Historical tapestries are very complex works of art given the materials, complex structure and weaving techniques used to produce them. This project aims to understand how the exposure to indoor environmental conditions results in the structural deterioration and loss of material in tapestries. The influence of humidity and temperature on the stress and strain distribution in hanging textiles will be studied in order to inform their preservation. This project will focus on the historical textile tapestry collections at Hampton Court Palace using in situ tri-axial strain monitoring sensors to provide data to inform experimental testing and computational modelling of tapestries using the finite element method.
Large-scale metadata enrichment of 3D cultural heritage artefacts by automatic and user-based metadata acquisition
With the ability to automate the acquisition of 3D digital models of cultural artefacts and making it possible for museums and other cultural organisations to digitise their collections on a large scale there comes with it new problems of searching, accessing and presentation of the 3D models. This project aims to develop new approaches to visual analysis, based on different methods including machine learning and user-based methods to organise and classify 3D models.
Rocks, minerals and fossils are widely believed to be stable. Yet a number of species are susceptible to common museum conditions. I will be researching how the museum environment (ie. temperature, humidity, pollutants, and microorganisms) affects minerals and to what degree. Following this research, guidelines and standards could then be produced, outlining ideal storage and display conditions tailored for these collections.
I am a recent graduate from Cardiff University’s Conservation Department. Throughout m studies, I have worked with various material types – focusing on inorganics – and have done placements at multiple institutions, including Colonial Williamsburg and Oxford University Museum of Natural History.
Lighting Policies for Collections using Microfadeometry
This project will explore the potential of a micro-destructive technique, microfadeometry, to develop object- and collection-specific lighting policies and could thus significantly affect exhibition guidelines in collecting institutions. The research project will address these aspects while aiming to contribute to the day-to-day decision-making of collection care specialists.
Characterising marine archaeological iron degradation and the efficacy of treatments to date: worth a shot?
UCL Institute of Archaeology / Mary Rose Trust / Diamond Light Source / Eura Conservation Ltd
Iron, if left to its own devices, corrodes. This observation may seem obvious, but it is governed by a series of complex chemical reactions. Studies have pointed towards a link between corrosion and chlorine, and current conservation methods focus on removing chlorine ions using a number of desalination techniques. Owing to the unique nature of archaeological artefacts, comparing these treatments and assessing their effectiveness has been difficult. In this project, many issues will be overcome by studying the 1,000+ examples of iron shot recovered from the wreckage of the Tudor warship the Mary Rose.
Retrofitting space heating systems for historic churches: meeting the needs of conservation, community and environmental sustainability
Historic churches still provide useful facilities for local communities but often struggle to meet the required thermal comfort levels of modern society. Striving to meet sustainability targets is difficult as historic churches are often listed for their contribution to the historic built environment, limiting retrofit options. This research aims to determine space heating systems which can meet the needs of the building fabric, artefacts, future community use and environment sustainability. Robin is a Green Technology graduate from the Scottish Agricultural College/Glasgow University and studied a MSc by Research at De Montfort University reporting on a low energy ‘solar house’.
A significant proportion of the school building stock in England and Wales could be considered as heritage. The challenge of reaching the Government’s target to reduce national carbon emissions by 80% compared to 1990 levels by 2050 is overwhelming, and this project addresses whether and how the Passivhaus standard could be applied to the new and existing school stock. The Passivhaus principles include: a) good levels of insulation with minimal thermal bridges, b) using passive solar gains and internal heat sources, c) excellent level of airtightness and d) good indoor air quality, provided by a whole building mechanical ventilation system with highly efficient heat recovery. This project aims to explore and compare the operational performance of contemporary schools built to the Passivhaus standard and of historic schools that are listed or with outstanding heritage characteristics, to analyse possible implications to retrofit of historic schools and to contemporary school buildings with the potential of becoming future heritage.
Comparison of painting lining methods for historic house environments
Considering the material complexity of the paintings and the various environmental context, it is necessary to evaluate correctly when a relining is required and how to optimise it. To tackle this challenge, non-invasive experiments are compulsory as sampling is not an option within the collection of English Heritage the cultural partner of this project. Additionally equipment have to move into historical houses in order to perform analysis in the right context. The use of digital image correlation to evaluate mechanical behaviour is provided by LaVision supporting this project from an industrial perspective. The considered techniques are known in their respective field but the goal is to combine their application by developing a method on-site and in laboratory to support conservator in their decisions.
Engineering and Archaeology in Construction and Conservation Work: Developing Interdisciplinary Techniques and Methodologies
This project will explore where engineering and archaeology clashes on construction projects and attempt to find better ways of collaborating in terms of technology and methodology, looking at archaeology in context, engineering techniques and their potential for development from a conservation standpoint, and Building Information Modelling (BIM) for reduction of time and cost for archaeology and to improve conservation of finds. Through case studies carried out on archaeological and engineering construction sites the project will be very industry influenced and aim to further integrate archaeology and heritage in the construction process.
Grottoes carved in sandstone are common in China. They have been exposed to the environment for over one thousand years since they were initially created. Deterioration of sandstone grottoes has been occurring through time, resulting in serious weathering phenomena such as flacking, blistering, and loss of materials. Yinghong’s project is aimed at investigating the factors that cause the deterioration and evaluating which conservation treatments could address the main problems of sandstone grottoes in Northwestern China.
UCL Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering / UCL Institute for Sustainable Heritage / Camlin Group / Rijksmuseum
Many art and heritage surfaces have a 3D structure which requires the object or camera to be moved in order to keep the surface in focus. Moving the objects during imaging is often difficult for conservation or practical reasons, particularly for fragile or large objects.
Current techniques to create 3D models containing hyperspectral data rely on data fusion techniques, mapping image data on to a 3D model created using different sensors and scanning techniques. This research aims to develop a new scanning technique using two hyperspectral cameras in stereo configuration to extract spatial information directly from the hyperspectral images.
For 3D objects the camera will move freely in space, maximum freedom of movement can be enabled using an articulated robotic arm which will carry both the imaging equipment and the illumination system.
Cultural Landscapes of the Past: Reconstructing Prehistoric Environmental Change in South-East Arabia
I am a physical geographer studying Late Pleistocene and Holocene hydrological changes in southeast Arabia. These palaeoenvironmental dynamics had profound implications for early Homo sapiens, with changing water resources contributing to demographic shifts over the last few hundred thousand years. My work shall be focusing on refining current knowledge of the timing and extent of these hydrological changes in an area of significant geo-heritage value for understanding the interplay between the environment and our prehistoric ancestors.
Advanced digitisation to support the conservation and interpretation of the Victoria and Albert Museum collection
The Victoria and Albert Museum’s collection of large-scale plaster cast and electrotype reproductions is unique, with several of the original artworks severely damaged or destroyed, making the casts the only surviving record. The purpose of this project is twofold. First, to investigate which advanced digitisation technologies and methods are most suitable to document, care for and improve the understanding of the objects’ manufacturing and their condition, including changes in shape due to environmental conditions over the years. Second, to determine which tools, workflows and standards are needed to incorporate suitable technologies and methods into existing imaging services.